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  • 25.03.2014
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Adaptation of this business plan is possible for similar project around the world.

Description of Typical Business Plan of Eco-Village  (with Financial Model)

Project purpose: construction of cottage eco-village with 185 households.

Project concept assumes the positioning in segment of business class – eco-homestead.

Project competitive advantages: closeness to nature, silence, a wide range of areas of land lots and house projects, guarantees highly-qualified construction, a wide infrastructure.

Project Infrastructure: complete package of systems, which provides a full housekeeping and intra-village living, – from electricity, water and gas supplies to the application of innovative and energy-saving technologies, the whole transport infrastructure, recreation areas (pond, walking areas, children's playgrounds and playground for active rest). It is planned to introduce a wide range of social infrastructure – the restaurants, beauty salon, supermarket, etc.

Layout of land lots by objects:


Amount of land lots

6-10 acres


10-15 acres


15-20 acres


over 20 acres



Project basic assumption and standards



VAT rate


Profit tax rate


Discount rate:






Annual increasing of construction cost



Cost of construction of project buildings



thsd. RUB

Contractor Company

Residential buildings


Weighted average initial cost, RUB/sq. m.



Weighted average initial cost of house, RUB


Non-residential buildings



Administrative building













Sales and income schedule



May 13

Jun. 13

Jul. 13

Aug. 13


Oct. 13





Amount of sold households












Average cost of house, RUB












Average cost of household for sale, RUB












Revenue, RUB













Basic financial indicators of the project




Gross revenue



Gross costs, including land



Gross profit



Net profit



Net present value (NPV)



Profit tax



Internal rate of return (IRR), monthly



Internal rate of return (IRR), annual



Total investment



Project Implementation Period, years



Payback Period, months



Discounted Payback Period, months




Excerpts from Research

Nizhny Novgorod region is one of the most economically developed regions of the Russian Federation. Despite the fact that the region has no significant material resources, its economy develops steadily. The region share in formation of aggregate GRP of the Russian Federation regions is *** %.

In general the results of socio-economic development of the region in 2013 are positive.

According to the estimation, regional economic growth was *** % (while the forecast was *** %), unlike in Russia as a whole, where in 2013 the slowdown of economic growth was observed: according to the preliminary estimate, the Index of Physical Volume (IPV) of GDP amounted *** % after *** % in 2012. The tendency of advance of regional economic growth in comparison with Russian average level has been observed for last four year (since 2010).

First quality projects of cottage villages in region have appeared quite recently – in 2005. Before this the cottage segment has been represented by «spontaneous» villages with minimal infrastructure and inhomogeneous buildings, cottage groups and separate cottages near the rest homes, in villages and hamlets.

In 2007 suburban real estate market has intensified. About *** developers, including Moscow and foreign companies, have entered the market. In 2008 the amount of constructed suburban cottage villages has exceeded ***, moreover few projects were in development. The territories near *** began to be used actively in *** and *** directions.

Despite the crisis in 2008 with all characteristic consequences during the following years, there was observed the rapid growth of the market in direction of development of new lands – at this moment in the suburban real estate primary market of Nizhny Novgorod region *** cottage villages in various stages of development are represented; the total amount of households is ***.

The amount of cottage villages which offer for sale the «bare» land (land lots without a contract) and lots with house (contract for the construction and ready-made housing) are distributed almost equally, a larger part of offer are focused in *** (south directions) – more than 3/4 of villages amount and 4/5 of household amount. Besides, the share of leaders – *** directions – is only 2/3 of the total market. It is reasonable to forecast the growth of interest to left bank and its development rates not earlier than 2014 – after commissioning of the new bridge over the ***.

The average market price indicators:

  • the total value (house, land lot) – *** RUB;
  • the cost of house – *** RUB/sq. m;
  • the cost of land – *** RUB/acre.

Executive Summary

List of Tables, Figures and Diagrams

1.0. Lot Description

1.1. Location 

1.2. Lot Characteristic     

1.3. Restrictions on Territory Development and Encumbrance of Project

2.0. Marketing Justification  

2.1. Analysis of Region. Characteristic of Economic Situation (results of 2013, forecast for 2014)

2.2. Market Characteristic

2.2.1. Supply Characteristic

2.2.2. Demand Characteristic

3.0. Project Development Concept  

3.1. Positioning      

3.2. Target Audience        

3.3. Village Infrastructure

3.4. Architectural Elaboration

3.5. Schedule of Project Implementation

4.0. Project Economy  

4.1. Basic Assumptions and Standards for Financial and Economic Calculations        

4.2. Project Costs   

4.3. Project Revenue        

4.5. Cash flow

4.6. Analysis of Project Economic Efficiency        

5.0. Analysis of Project Risks

5.1. Sensibility Analysis


Table 1. Population of Towns and Urban Villages of Nizhny Novgorod Region as of 2013.         01.01

Table 2. Production of Major Kinds of Products in Physical Terms

Table 3. Scope of Work Executed by Kind of Economic Activity «Construction» in Nizhny Novgorod Region

Table 4. Ratio of Areas of House and Lot (Total Market)

Table 5. Price Indicators of South and North Directions

Table 6. Objects Planned for Construction in Village (Objects of Social and Household Infrastructure)

Table 7. Technical and Economic Indicators of Lot    

Table 8. Layout of Lots by Area, acres

Table 9. Ratio of Projects, Area and Amount of Objects

Table 10. Characteristic of Projects Designed for Development

Table 11. Schedule of Project Implementation

Table 12. Basic Assumptions and Standards

Table 13. Costs Associated with Project Preparation

Table 14. Costs Associated with Pre-Project and Project Works Table

Table 15. Costs Associated with Obtaining of Technical Conditions and Design of Communications

Table 16. Costs of Communications Constructions

Table 17. Costs of Village Beautification

Table 18. Costs of Residential Buildings Constructions      

Table 19. List of Operational Costs


Figure 1. Map of Object Location

Figure 2. Top View of Territory of Object (from Satellite)   

Figure 3. Project General Plan


Diagram 1. Structure of District Economy (Cash Turnover by Large and Small Enterprises for Q1 2013)

Diagram 2. Structure of Shipped Products by Kind of Activity «Shipped Production» for January-March 2013.

Diagram 3. Characteristic of Supply by Directions of Region

Diagram 4. Total Amount of Households by Directions

Diagram 5. Supply by Kinds of Sale (Total Market)  

Diagram 6. Distribution of Supply by Directions in Depending on Kind of Sale  Diagram 7. Specific Weight of Cottage Villages by Kind of Sale

Diagram 8. Area of Land Lots by Directions, acres

Diagram 9. Area of Houses by Directions, sq. m

Diagram 10. Cost of Land Lots by Directions, thsd. RUB/acre

Diagram 11. Price Structure of Supply by Minimal Cost of Land Lots by Directions, thsd. RUB/acre

Diagram 12. Prices for Cottage by Directions, thsd. RUB/sq. m

Diagram 13. Price Structure of Supply by Minimal Cost of 1 sq. m of Cottage

Diagram 14. Cost of Ready-Made Household (House and Land), mln. RUB

Diagram 15. Price Structure of  Supply by Minimal Cost of Ready-Made Households (House and Land)

Diagram 16. Ratio of Use of Construction Materials